A graphic posted on Fb on 15 September 2021 claims that men in South Africa die from suicide at a substantial elevated price than girls.
The bar graph appears to be a screenshot nonetheless the rest identifying where it used to be first published has been cropped out. It’s miles captioned: “South African men are clearly suffering in silence. What’s inflicting this?”
For South Africa, men’s suicide charges are around 37 per 100,000 inhabitants, whereas girls’s are correct under 10.
The publish has been considered over 94,600 instances to this point. It used to be flagged as potentially wrong by Fb’s reality-checking system.
The South African Depression and Apprehension Neighborhood sounded the alarm in September 2021 over the excessive charges of suicide in South Africa. They reported receiving greater than 75,000 calls from suicidal South Africans since January.
But did practically four instances as many South African men die by suicide in 2019 than girls? We checked.
Suicide charges must not be in contrast between nations
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But the WHO cautions against drawing comparisons between nations. Right here’s because components corresponding to financial and proper implications, and social stigma, might maybe well well well lead to suicide being underestimated in some nations.
WHO statistician Gretchen Stevens beforehand advisable Africa Ascertain that suicide estimates might maybe well well provide “helpful context of how other nations with identical incomes or within the an identical put are doing”.
But the organisation doesn’t provide international rankings thanks to the considerations with the knowledge.
Worldwide suicide estimates
The WHO published their Worldwide Effectively being Estimates Suicide worldwide in 2019 account on 16 June 2021. The account provides a breakdown of suicide charges per nation.
Per the account, 13,774 suicides were reported in South Africa in 2019. Of these deaths, 10,861 were men while 2,913 were girls. This translates to charges of 37.6 per 100,000 for men and 9.8 per 100,000 for girls.
South Africa recorded the third-top suicide price out of all African nations within the account, at 23.5 per 100,000 inhabitants.
Sadly, the graphic is factual in accordance to present data.